A dental implant is a small, artificial tooth root made of titanium that is surgically placed into the jawbone. It serves as a replacement for the missing root of a natural tooth, and is used to support a single tooth replacement or a set of dentures. The implant is topped with a natural-looking artificial tooth, known as a crown, which is customized to match the surrounding teeth. This procedure is designed to provide a long-term, durable and stable solution for missing or damaged teeth.
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are small, artificial tooth roots that are surgically placed into the jawbone to replace missing or damaged natural teeth. They are typically made of titanium, a biocompatible metal that fuses with the jawbone to create a strong and stable foundation for an artificial tooth, also known as a crown.
Dental implants can be used to replace a single missing tooth, several missing teeth, or even a full set of teeth. They are an important solution for those who have lost teeth due to injury, disease, or decay, as they can help to preserve the integrity of the jawbone and prevent the adjacent teeth from shifting.
By providing a solid foundation, dental implants allows to replace missing teeth with a life like tooth. This not only improve the appearance of your smile but also help to preserve jaw bone which helps to keep face structure intact. This provides a better option over traditional removable dentures which can shift in the mouth and even lead to bone loss in jaw.
Dental implants have been around for decades and have a well-established track record of safety and effectiveness. They are an important treatment option for those looking to improve their oral health and restore their confidence in their smile.
Who Does Dental Implants?
Dental implants are typically placed by a specialist known as a prosthodontist or an oral and maxillofacial surgeon, who are both dental specialists.
A prosthodontist is a dental specialist who focuses on the diagnosis, treatment planning, rehabilitation, and maintenance of the oral function, comfort, appearance, and health of patients with clinical conditions associated with missing or deficient teeth and/or oral and maxillofacial tissues using biocompatible substitutes. These specialists are trained to replace missing teeth with various types of dental prostheses, including implants.
An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a dental specialist who is trained in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries, and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial regions. This includes the placement of dental implants as well as the treatment of trauma, tumors, and other pathologies in the head and neck area.
In some cases, a general dentist may also place dental implants, but they would have to have additional training, knowledge and experience in doing so.
How do Dental Implants Work?
Dental implants are small titanium posts that are surgically placed into the jawbone to act as a replacement for the roots of missing teeth. Once the implant has fused to the jawbone (a process called osseointegration), an abutment, or connector piece, is placed on top of the implant. This connector piece allows the dentist to securely attach a replacement tooth, such as a crown, bridge, or denture, to the implant.
Think of it like a tiny artificial tree root that take the place of missing tooth. After the implant is place in the jaw, it “grows” into the surrounding bone over time, becoming a permanent part of the jaw. Then, a “trunk” is attached to the implant, this “trunk” serves as a support to the new tooth that will be placed on top.
Dental implants are a popular and effective way to replace missing teeth because they look, feel, and function like natural teeth. They also help to preserve the integrity of the jawbone and surrounding teeth, which can be compromised when a tooth is lost.
Types of Dental Implants
There are several different types of dental implants, and they can be explained using different medical terminology.
- Endosteal Implants: These are the most common type of implant, and they are surgically placed directly into the jawbone. They are typically made of titanium and are shaped like small screws. They can be further classified as blade form, cylinder form and tapered form.
- Subperiosteal Implants: These are placed on top of the jawbone, but under the gum tissue. A metal frame is fitted onto the jawbone and sticks out through the gums. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone, becoming a solid base for the artificial teeth. This method is useful for people with minimal bone height, where the endosteal implant will not have enough surface area for osseointegration.
- Transosteal Implants: A transosteal implant is a variation of endosteal implant, where the implant material pass through the jawbone, then bent and fixed to the opposite side of the jaw. This type of implant was used historically, but is less common today.
- Zygomatic Implants: These are special type of implants used in the upper jaw, particularly when a person has insufficient bone volume or quality. These are longer and are anchored in the cheekbone (zygoma) rather than the jaw.
- Mini Implants: Smaller in diameter than traditional implants, these are used for minimal invasive procedure, like supporting a lower denture.
Each type of implant may have its own specific indications, contraindications and benefits, and your dentist would be able to recommend the best type for you, after a thorough examination, radiographic evaluation and taking into consideration your individual needs.
Endosteal implants, also known as endosseous implants, are the most common type of dental implant. They are surgically placed directly into the jawbone, and are typically made of titanium or a titanium alloy. The word “Endosteal” is derived from the Greek words “endo” meaning “in” and “steal” meaning “bone,” referring to the fact that the implant is placed within the bone.
Endosteal implants can be further classified based on their shape, such as:
- Screw-shaped: These are the most common type of endosteal implant. They are shaped like a small screw and are threaded to promote bone growth and provide a secure hold for the implant. They can be placed into the jawbone using a variety of surgical techniques, depending on the amount and quality of the existing jawbone.
- Blade form: Blade form endosteal implant, or blade implant, is a narrower and flatter implant, and is most commonly used in case of limited bone width.
- Cylinder form : This type of implant is cylinder in shape, it is typically used for single tooth replacement, but can also be used for bridges or dentures if multiple cylinders are placed in a row.
- Tapered form: They are similar to screw type, but with a sloping shape. They are used for sites with inadequate or moderate bone density, and less likely to cause damage to adjacent vital structures.
The main difference between endosteal implants and other types of dental implants is the location of the implant within the jawbone. Endosteal implants are placed directly into the jawbone, while subperiosteal and zygomatic implants are placed on top of the jawbone and transosteal implants pass through the jawbone. Additionally, Mini implants are smaller diameter as well as shorter than traditional endosteal implant.
Endosteal implants have been widely used for over 35 years, and have a well-documented history of successful osseointegration and high survival rate. They are a versatile option, suitable for single tooth replacements, bridges or full arch reconstruction and have a high success rate.
Subperiosteal Implants are a type of dental implant that sits on top of the jawbone, rather than being placed within it, like endosteal implants. The word “subperiosteal” is derived from the Latin “sub” meaning “below” and “periosteum” meaning “the tissue covering the bone,” referring to the fact that the implant sits below the periosteum or gum tissue, but on top of the jawbone.
A subperiosteal implant is typically a metal frame that is custom-made to fit the contours of a patient’s jawbone. The frame is surgically placed on top of the jawbone and protrudes through the gums. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone, creating a solid base for the artificial teeth.
This type of implant is used for people with minimal bone height, where the endosteal implant will not have enough surface area for osseointegration, or for patients who are not suitable for bone augmentation procedures, and have high risk for implant failure.
The main difference between subperiosteal and endosteal implants is the location of the implant within the jawbone. Endosteal implants are placed directly into the jawbone, while subperiosteal implants are placed on top of the jawbone. Subperiosteal implants are also less invasive and have a shorter healing time than endosteal implants.
Also subperiosteal Implants are not as common as endosteal, but they do have their own indications and can be an effective solution for certain patients. The success rate of subperiosteal implants is relatively good, but it is dependent on the patient’s remaining bone height and the design of the implant.
zygomatic implants are a specialized type of dental implant that are used in the upper jaw, particularly when a person has insufficient bone volume or quality in the upper jaw. They are anchored in the cheekbone (zygoma) rather than the jaw.
Zygomatic implants are typically longer and thicker than traditional endosteal implants, and they are placed at an angle through the zygomatic bone and into the maxillary sinus. The implant then projects into the upper jaw, where it can support one or more artificial teeth.
This type of implant is typically used in cases of severe bone loss in the upper jaw and where a traditional implant is not feasible. People who have lost bone in the upper jaw due to periodontal disease, trauma, or congenital defects can benefit from this kind of implant.
The main difference between zygomatic implants and the other types is their location, while endosteal and subperiosteal implants are placed in the jawbone, and transosteal implants pass through the jawbone, zygomatic implants are anchored in the zygomatic bone.
Additionally, zygomatic implant placement is a more complex procedure and typically require a team of specialists with advanced training, including an oral and maxillofacial surgeon and a prosthodontist.
What are Full Mouth Dental Implants?
Full mouth dental implants, also known as a full arch restoration or all-on-four dental implants, refer to a treatment that uses a set of strategically placed dental implants to support a full arch of artificial teeth, either in the upper jaw, lower jaw, or both.
This type of implant treatment is typically used for patients who have lost most or all of their teeth in one or both jaws and are looking for a permanent solution to replace them. It can also be used as an alternative to traditional dentures or bridges.
Full mouth dental implant treatment typically involves the placement of four to six dental implants per arch, which are then used to support a full arch of artificial teeth. These teeth can be fixed or removable, depending on the patient’s needs and preferences.
What are Mini Dental Implants?
Mini dental implants are a type of dental implant that are smaller in diameter than traditional endosteal dental implants. They are typically between 2.9 and 3.4 millimeters in diameter and about 10-15 millimeters in length. Mini dental implant can also be referred as “small diameter implants” or “narrow-diameter” implants.
Mini dental implants are designed to provide a more minimal invasive procedure. They are typically used to support lower dentures, especially when traditional endosteal implants are not an option due to the patient’s limited bone density, or when the patient wants a more economical option to support lower dentures.
The procedure for placing mini dental implants is less invasive than that of traditional dental implants, and they can typically be placed in a single visit. They are inserted directly into the jawbone, and a small abutment is placed on top of the implant. The denture is then adjusted to fit over the abutment.
Dental Implant Procedure and Process Step by Step
Dental implant procedure involves a series of steps, including initial consultation, dental examination, treatment planning, implant placement, abutment placement, and final restoration.
The initial consultation is an opportunity for the patient to discuss their needs and goals with the dentist and for the dentist to evaluate the patient’s oral health and suitability for the procedure.
Dental examination includes taking x-rays, dental impressions, and other diagnostic tests to plan the treatment.
Based on the examination, a treatment plan is developed that outlines the number of implants required, the placement of the implants and the type of restoration to be placed.
Implant placement is a surgical procedure where the implant is inserted into the jawbone.
After the implant is placed, the patient will go through a healing period to allow the implant to fuse to the jawbone. Once the implant is fully integrated, an abutment, or connector piece, is placed on top of the implant.
The final step is the placement of the restoration (e.g. a crown, bridge or denture) on top of the abutment.
How Long Does a Dental Implant Procedure Take?
The length of the dental implant procedure can vary depending on the number of teeth being replaced, the condition of the jawbone and the surgical technique used. On average, the implant placement procedure can take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours.
Things to Consider of Dental Implants Before and After
Before the dental implant procedure, it’s important to have a thorough consultation with the dentist to discuss your needs and goals, as well as any concerns you may have about the procedure. The dentist will also evaluate your oral health and suitability for the procedure, as well as provide a detailed treatment plan.
Before the procedure, it is also important to consider if you have any underlying medical conditions or if you are taking any medications that may affect the healing process.
After the procedure, it is essential to follow the post-operative instructions provided by the dentist to ensure proper healing and prevent complications. This includes proper oral hygiene, diet, and avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol.
It is also important to attend all follow-up appointments and to inform the dentist of any concerns or issues that arise during the healing period.
Why no Dairy After Dental Implant?
It is generally recommended to avoid dairy products for a certain period of time after dental implant surgery because they can increase the risk of developing infection or dry socket.
Dental implant surgery involves making an incision in the gums, and then placing the implant into the jawbone. During the healing process, the implant fuses to the jawbone (a process called osseointegration) and the gums heal around the implant. In the first few days after the surgery, the area around the implant is particularly sensitive, and anything that increases the risk of infection or dry socket can slow down the healing process and increase the risk of complications.
Dairy products can increase the risk of infection or dry socket because they contain bacteria that can easily infect the surgical site. Additionally, dairy products such as cheese can be quite sticky and hard to remove, which can dislodge the blood clot that has formed in the surgical site and cause dry socket. Dairy products also can cause inflammation, which can also delay healing.
Dental Implant Healing Stages
Dental implant healing typically occurs in stages, including osseointegration, abutment placement, and restoration. During osseointegration, the implant fuses to the jawbone. After the implant has fully integrated with the jawbone, an abutment, or connector piece, is placed on top of the implant to hold the replacement tooth in place. Lastly, the restoration, such as a crown, bridge, or denture, is placed on top of the abutment to complete the dental implant.
How Long Do Dental Implants Last?
Dental implants are designed to last for many years, with proper care and maintenance. On average, dental implants can last for 20 years or more. However, the longevity of dental implants depends on various factors, such as the quality of the implant and surrounding bone, the patient’s oral hygiene, and the restoration placed on top of the implant.
Dental Bridge vs Implant
A dental bridge is a fixed prosthetic device that is used to replace one or more missing teeth. It typically requires the reshaping of the adjacent teeth and is anchored to the healthy teeth on either side of the gap. Dental implant, on the other hand, is a titanium post that is surgically placed into the jawbone to replace the root of a missing tooth. Unlike a bridge, it does not require reshaping of adjacent teeth and is anchored directly to the jawbone.
Dental Implants vs Dentures
Dentures are removable prosthetic devices that replace missing teeth. They rest on the gums and are typically held in place by a combination of suction and adhesive. Dental implants, on the other hand, are a permanent replacement for missing teeth. They are surgically placed into the jawbone and fuse with the bone over time, becoming a permanent part of the jaw. Dental implants offer more stability and can improve chewing, speaking and overall oral health in comparison to dentures.
Benefits of Dental Implants
Dental implants offer many benefits, including a natural look and feel, improved speech and chewing ability, preservation of jawbone structure, and a more permanent solution for missing teeth. They can also prevent the shifting of surrounding teeth and improve oral health.
Are Dental Implants Painful?
Dental implant surgery is generally well tolerated and the pain is manageable with over the counter or prescribed medication, but everyone’s pain tolerance is different. Some patients may experience some discomfort or pain during the healing process, but this can be managed with over-the-counter pain medication.
Dental Implant Recovery Time
Recovery time after dental implant surgery varies depending on individual and the procedure, but typically it takes around 3-6 months to complete the process of osseointegration and getting the final restoration. You may be able to resume normal activities immediately after the procedure, but your dentist may advise you to avoid certain activities, such as heavy lifting or strenuous exercise, for a period of time afterwards.
Dental Implant Cost
The cost of dental implants can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the location of the practice, the type of implant used, and the number of teeth being replaced. However, it would not be wrong to say that the best solution is in clinics like Estenuvo in Istanbul. You can contact Estenuvo to get information about the best deals and price options.
Affordable and Best Dental Implants in Turkey
Turkey has become a popular destination for dental tourism, offering high-quality dental care at a more affordable cost than many other countries. Many dentists in Turkey are highly trained and experienced in providing a wide range of dental treatments, including dental implants. Patients can expect to receive treatment from highly qualified dentists, using state-of-the-art equipment and facilities, at a fraction of the cost compared to other countries. Additionally, Turkey has a range of dental clinics that are specialized on implant treatments with high success rates and patient satisfaction.